When it comes to software testing there are many forms of it. With each type of software testing goal is the same that include identifying bugs and errors to fix them fast. But the question here is which testing technique is better test case based testing or exploratory testing?
Throughout this post, I will discuss these both approaches of software testing to make it easy for you to identify which approach is better.
What you will find in this post:
- Basic definition of exploratory testing
- The basic definition of the test case testing
- Pros & con of exploratory vs test case testing
So let’s start with the basic definitions of both types of software testing.
Exploratory testing is concerned with the identification, inquiry, and learning process. It stresses the personal liberty of the individual software tester. It can be defined as a kind of software testing where test cases are not planned and software testers will test software on the ongoing basis.
It can also be defined as a hand-on software testing technique, in which testers do minimum planning before the next build and develop a set of guidelines including defining high-end errors and new features.
Test Case Based Testing
While in this testing technique, the software testers plan and define the test cases in advance in contrast to exploratory testing. Here is the definition from https://blog.testlodge.com/
“In the simplest form, a test case is a set of conditions or variables under which a tester determines whether the software satisfies requirements and functions properly.
A test case is a single executable test which a tester carries out. It guides them through the steps of the test. You can think of a test case as a set of step-by-step instructions to verify something behaves as it is required to behave”.
Which is better? Exploratory Testing vs. Test Case Testing
After defining the terms now move further to discuss which is better exploratory testing or test case based testing. Here are pros and cons of the exploratory testing approach.
- It encourages thinking that can reveal potential gaps.
- It involves minimum documentation while emphasizing more on thinking and investigating.
- It bypasses duplicate work as every tester will examine different areas.
- It can also help in case of auditing another tester’s skills or work.
But the exploratory testing approach has its cons too. It isn’t without some shortcomings or disadvantages.
- First, the exploratory testing approach requires skillful software testers.
- Second, he or she must have excellent communication skills.
- Third, who can take thorough notes on his/her findings quickly.
- Fourth, a tester who have general ability and experience to examine common difficulty areas.
- Fifth, who can adequately answer follow-up inquiries developers might ask.
- Last but not least can think like your potential audience and beyond
Fundamentally, your exploratory testing is only as reliable as your exploratory testing team. You need a software tester or testing team who don’t slow down the testing process, and who can be trusted to deliver reliable results immediately.
That is why it’s advantageous to go with a committed Quality Assurance service provideror company or trusted QA serviceslike Tektiks Incorporation that has an experienced team of proficient testers that you can hire as well on-demand to full-fill your software testing needs.
So the question is when you should go with a test case based testing approach and when should you go for exploratory testing approach?
Mobile Application Scenario: Let’s make it clear with this example. The test case-based testing approach is an excellent way of testing the basic features and functions that remain the same often. You can plan, write and run testing for nearly any of the basic features and functions of your product. For example, for any mobile application, can the user open the application, build a profile, navigate easily using a given set of directions, and then use the app features properly? These are fundamental functions that usually don’t need any creativity and spontaneity on the tester’s part, so if you just need to know if this process works or not a test case might be the best solution.
Ecommerce Store Checkout Scenario: But what to do when using a product is not truly straightforward? The Ecommerce website is a pretty good case of products that users might find difficult to use. Let’s take into consideration the checkout process of an eCommerce website. For this, you could generate a conventional test case to check that a client can make a purchase. It all starts with a user logging in the application or visiting your website, selecting products, visiting their cart, logging in/continuing as a guest buyer, and then completing the checkout process. And this where you could stop testing and this where you could use exploratory testing instead of test case testing or use it in addition to the test case strategy because of the uncertainty of humans.
There are advantages and disadvantages to both methods of software testing. Like exploratory testing, test case testing has limitations too as with test case testing strategy testers only check flaws they think might exist, and they have to devote significant time to maintain those test cases as your software unfolds.
If you are looking for quality QA services then hiring a software testing company is a good idea to fix errors before product release. Top software testing companies or trusted QA services providers hire skillful testers who can perform all types of software testing strategies simultaneously to fix bugs before releasing build.
Both Test Case testing and exploratory testing are complementary software bug fixing techniques for eliminating the number of errors and bugs found in software production. Both of these testing strategies serve as excellent bug fixing techniques that help each other in removing defects. Ideally, one should apply both testing approaches.
At Tektiks Incorporation, our trained team of software testers offers a sound testing strategy that practices manual testing (using test case and exploratory testing approaches), automation and crowdsourcing together to ensure all test cases are executed.